Speech Therapy

Speech Language Pathologists, also called SLPs, are experts in communication. Speech Language Pathologists work with people of all ages, from babies to adults. They treat many types of communication and swallowing problems.

Types of Problems SLPs can help with:

Language: 

Helping people understand and comprehend input (auditory or visual input), and helping them to use words to express their thoughts and ideas.

Speech Sounds: 

Helping people produce individual sounds and combine them together with other sounds to make words. Teachers may refer to issues with speech sounds as an articulation or phonological disorder, making it difficult for the child to be understood by family, friends and teachers. Apraxia of speech and dysarthria can also affect verbal communication in both children and adults

Social Communication: 

Teaching social norms, like conversational turn taking, appropriate eye contact, making friends, or social etiquette such as how close to stand to someone you are talking to. Social communication of this kind is also often referred to as pragmatics.

Fluency: 

Teaching a fluid speech pattern. A common fluency issue is stuttering. Someone who stutters may repeat sounds, like d-d-dog, have an excessive use of fillers in their speech such as um uh, or pause frequently when talking. Many young children experience a time when they stutter, but most outgrow it.

Voice: 

Understanding how our voice sounds: hoarse, lose our voice easily, talking too loud, or through our noses or be able to make sounds

Cognitive Communication: 

This refers to the processes which take place mentally in our minds (that is, cognitively). These include processes such as memory, attention, problem-solving, organization, and everyday thinking skills for safe activities of daily living participation

Feeding and Swallowing: 

SLPs can help with issues concerning the ability to suck, chew, and swallow food and liquid. If left untreated, swallowing disorders of this kind can lead to poor nutrition, weight loss, and other health-related issues. Issues with swallowing and feeding are often referred to as dysphasia.